This Unit presents evidence on mobility through statistical data and a collection of sources on the topic.
It has become a common scenario for individuals to carry out their studies and graduate in another country than one’s home country.
n fact, in 2018, there were in total 1.3 million of mobile tertiary students in the EU coming from abroad (including students coming from other EU Member States as well as from outside the EU). In addition, in 2018, around 111,000 bachelor graduates and around 85,000 master graduates benefitted from the Erasmus+ programme supporting student exchange.
Working abroad has also become very popular in the EU.
In 2019, the employment rate for those with citizenship of another Member State than the one they were living in was 76%. The employment rates for those from another EU Member State ranged from 50% in Greece to 87% in Malta, and for non-EU citizens, the rates varied between 44% in Belgium and 83% in Czech Republic.
This statistical information is portrayed in the below data tables produced by EUROSTAT:
This brief statistical information goes to show the importance which European citizens in particular give to mobility to obtain and gain better studying and working opportunities in other countries.
We invite you to surf the resources below, references of our unit, to deepen the topic.
- Youth migration – Accueil – Number 19 by Opren Edition
The following publications can be bought in digital or paper format, here you can find some excerpts
- Youth Transitions, International Student Mobility and Spatial Reflexivity – By D. Cairns
- Labour Mobility in the EU – by Kristina Toplak, Mojca Vah Jevšnik
- Youth Policy Manual: How to Develop a National Youth Strategy – by Finn Yrjar Denstad – Council of Europe Publishing
Youth on the Move: European Youth and Geographical Mobility – by David Cairns
Freedom of movement and residence: the cornerstone of EU citizenship – by Australian National University – College of Law
EURES – Job mobility – by European Commission
- Erasmus + programme – by European Commission